Wireguard Setup on Fedora

Posted on Mon 10 September 2018 in security • 4 min read

WireGueard logo

Ever since Linus Torvalds praised Wireguard, I’ve been wanting to try it out.
Last week I finally got around to play with it, and boy was it easy and elegant to set up.

It was really easy to set up, it took me longer to write this blog post than to set up wireguard on 3 peers.

I used a Fedora Server as a first endpoint and my Fedora Workstation as a second endpoint.
Later on I also easily added my Android phone as a third endpoint, and set up the Fedora Server as a VPN server (routing traffic to the internal and external networks).

Let me walk you through the setup steps.


We need to install wireguard first as it is not yet part of the mainline kernel.

On the Fedora Server and Workstation:

sudo dnf copr enable jdoss/wireguard
sudo dnf install wireguard-dkms wireguard-tools

Setting up the endpoints

As you will see below the setup is very similar for both endpoints.
Note the difference in IP addresses.

We will choose a static tunnel IP per host in the range, but it could be any range of your choosing.

Create a keypair on each host:

wg genkey > private
wg pubkey < private

Take note of the public key to configure your other client later on.

First peer

Our first endpoint has a private IP address of on enp2s0, adapt it to match your machine’s private IP address.

Interface Settings:

ip link add dev wg0 type wireguard
ip address add dev wg0
wg set wg0 listen-port 51820 private-key ./private

Peer Settings:

wg set wg0 peer <peer2-public-key> allowed-ips endpoint <peer2-pulic-ip>:51820
ip link set wg0 up

The allowed-ips setting denotes what network lies at the other end of the tunnel.
Routes will automatically be set up towards these networks when the interface becomes active.
As a starting point we can use the other peer’s tunnel IP address.

Second peer

Interface Settings:

ip link add dev wg0 type wireguard
ip address add dev wg0
wg set wg0 listen-port 51820 private-key ./private

Peer Settings:

wg set wg0 peer <peer2-public-key> allowed-ips endpoint <peer1-pulic-ip>:51820
ip link set wg0 up

Check connectivity

At this point you should be able to ping the other endpoint his 10.0.0.x address after the interface is up.

The wg command should show you some useful output as well.

Remember when doing tcpdump and forwarding ports, the connection is over UDP, not TCP!
Hint if you run with firewalld enabled: firewall-cmd --add-port 51820/udp, see Additional Settings below to do this automatically.

NAT and Dynamic endpoint IP address

If you are, like me, trying to set up your laptop to connect to a remote server, your public IP will most definitely change a lot.

The solution to this is to use Dynamic DNS and use this DNS name in your endpoint configuration.
Even on Android there is an app for that.

Also, there is a setting called persistent-keepalive that will assist firewalls to keep the tunnel alive.

Persistent configuration

The CLI tools are nice and all, but I want the VPN link to come up with my Fedora Server and easily bring up the connection with one commmand on my Workstation.

No problem, wg-quick has got you covered.

First export the current config to a file, link it to the device and enable the systemd service (if you want to bring the device up at boot time).

wg showconf > /etc/wiregaurd/wg0.conf
chmod 700 /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf
wg setconf wg0 /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf

You can now easily issue wg-quick up wg0 and wg-quick down wg0.
To have it start at boot-time issue systemctl enable wg-quick@wg0. (make sure you stop it first manually before starting the service)

Android peer

Once you have Dynamic DNS set up on your Android using this app,

Android app setup

Install the Wireguard Android app.

The configuration is pretty straight-forward, but maybe just choose a different port than the one for your laptop, in case you are on the same network.

On the allowed-ips section, specify ‘ ::0/0’ if you want to forward all internet traffic over this VPN (recommended for public WiFi).

Add peer configuration on the server

I added this Peer configuration to the existing wg0.conf file on the Server:

PublicKey           = <android-public-key>
AllowedIPs          =
Endpoint            = server.dyndns.com:51821
PersistentKeepalive = 25

When forwarding traffic to the outside, make sure IP forwarding is on.

sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Additional settings

To have the port and masquerading be set up automatically whenever I bring up the wireguard interface, I added soem PostUp and PostDown commands.

My Interface Settings on the server are as follows;

Address    =
PostUp     = firewall-cmd --add-port 51820/udp && firewall-cmd --add-rich-rule='rule family=ipv4 source address= masquerade'
PostDown   = firewall-cmd --remove-port 51820/udp && firewall-cmd --remove-rich-rule='rule family=ipv4 source address= masquerade'
ListenPort = 51820
PrivateKey = <private-key>

Now you can enjoy a very fast and easy to maintain VPN configuration on the road, whether it’s on your mobile or on your laptop.

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